Carlos Montes

Is Full Professor of Ecology at the Universidad Autónoma of Madrid and head of the Social-ecological Systems Laboratory (SES-Lab), ( The SES-Lab is a research group that focuses on exploring the structure, functioning and dynamics of social-ecological systems (humans in nature) from a systemic and trans-disciplinary approach, to tackle complex issues related to sustainability ( The team research is intended to bring down barriers and tend bridges between social and biophysical sciences, as well as between researchers, local stakeholders, and decision-makers, to build adaptive capacities in the face of current global change.

His main research focuses on the analysis of the environment-society interface, from the Sustainability Science’ perspective, contributing to the development of the conceptual framework of Ecosystem Services Assessment and Socio-ecological Resilience.

He is founder and President of the Interuniversity Foundation Fernando González Bernáldez for the study and management of protected areas ( which promotes the effective use of the social-ecological system approach for management of protected areas. He is the Director of the School of Sustainability of International University of Andalucía ( He is chief scientific adviser of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment in Spain (

He has been a scientific advisor for several years of the Spanish Agency for International Cooperation (AECID), for the development of the framework and strategic plan of “ARAUCARIA XXI”, the program for the conservation of biodiversity in Latin America, under which he has developed various cooperation projects in Mexico, Argentina, Ecuador, Costa Rica and Colombia, highlighting the scientific coordination of the past two Management Plans (2005 and 2013) of Galapagos National Park (Ecuador), which gave him the title of Honorary park ranger. Currently he is chairing the NGO called Development Cooperation Network Society for Ecology and Sustainability (networks).